The Sutra on the Concentration of Sitting Meditation summarizes the methods of spiritual training employed by a number of Indian practitioners. Before the introduction of this sūtra into China there had been some practice of Ch’an in China, but it had all been based upon Hīnayāna methods. This sūtra, on the other hand, describes Mahāyāna methods as well as Hīnayāna methods, and so clarifies the relationship between the two. This led to the development of the practice of mental concentration called chi-kuan in the Tiantai School and the birth of the Chinese schools of Chan. Thus one can say that this sūtra exerted considerable influence in later times.
Translated into the Chinese by Kumārajīva as Zuochan sanmei jing (坐禪三昧經). 2 fascicles.